Blood Sugar - Manage Type 2 Diabetes Having Low Glycemic Diet
1. What is type II diabetes?
Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic condition characterized by chronically elevated blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), and abnormal metabolism for carbohydrate, fat and protein. Diagnostic criteria for diabetes are based on oral glucose tolerance test results. People with fasting blood glucose level = 7.0 (mmol/L), or 2-hour random blood glucose level = 11.1 (mmol/L), are categorized as having diabetes.Type II diabetes is usually connected with insulin resistance and gradual problems of insulin response. This can be a silent chronic illness which can present for a long time before detection.The incidence of type II diabetes has more than doubled over the last 20 years, and approximately 275 Australian adults now acquire diabetes each and every day.
2. What exactly are the risk factors for type II diabetes?
There are lots of risk factors for the development of diabetes such as:Family history, Certain at-risk ethnic groups such as Pacific islanders, Greek and Chinese background, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander descendants, Being overweight, Inactive lifestyle, Poor diet, Aging, Hypertension, Dyslipidermia (unhealthy blood lipid profile), Metabolic syndrome
3. What exactly are the key symptoms and signs?
In most instances, the start of type II diabetes is insidious, and is clinically determined on routine testing. See your physician if you experience the following symptom/s:Increased thirst, Increased urination, Increased appetite, Fatigue, Blurred vision, Slow-healing infections, Impotence in males
4. How is diabetes managed?
It is important to understand the effects of type 2 diabetes and the involved complications, which may include long-term injury or problems and failure of vital organs and tissues. Diabetics are more most likely to experience from cardiovascular illness, visual loss, amputation and renal failure (decline in kidney function).The long term management for diabetes is metabolic control and prevention of complications. Management of type II diabetes entails education, prescription medication, diet and exercise to manage blood sugar, with life-style modifation as the primary first solution to help prevent and manage type 2 diabetes. The concentration for controlling diabetes is to boost glycemic control and cardiovascular health:Improve blood sugar level: fasting glucose level 5.5 mmol/L, and 2-hour postprandial (after meal) glucose level 7.0 mmol/L, Decrease, insulin resistance, Enhance blood lipid profile, Reduce blood pressure, Maintain an ideal healthy weight.
5. What is the Glycemic Index and why low-GI diet is important?
Glycemic Index (GI) is used to appraise the rise and fall within the level of glucose that happens in your blood stream after a carbohydrate food is taken in. GI value rank carbohydrate foods based on their immediate effect on blood sugar level on a scale of 0-100. GI value 55 is low GI, GI value between 56-69 is medium GI, GI value70 is high GI. Foods with low GI values include carbohydrates which are digested and absorbed much more slowly, thereby result in a moderate increase in blood glucose levels. The NHMRC dietary guideline for reducing chronic disease risks has recommended that carbohydrate intake should fall between 45% - 65% of your daily energy intake; and it should be predominantly from low energy density and/or low GI foods.
It is vital to be aware that the kinds of carbohydrates ingested are of paramount relevance in relation to their health effects. Clinical research have shown the numerous health advantages of low GI diet: Heightens feelings of bloatedness, Lower feelings of hunger, and consequently might help with weight management, Aids to improve blood glucose levels, Helps to improve blood lipid profile by raising the levels of good HDL cholesterol, and lowering bad LDL and triglyceride levels, Minimizes cardiovascular disease danger due to their impact on blood lipid; Stretches physical stamina andType 2 diabetes to moderate blood sugar spiking.
Glucose Levels - If youâ¤™re reading this article, chances are youâ¤™ve been told that you have diabetes. Maybe youâ¤™re unsure what diabetes actually is, or what impact it will have on your life. This article will help you find the answers to those and other questions. Read more about diabetes here: Blood Sugar
More references here:
What Is Diabetes - What There Is To Know About Diabetes
About Diabetes - Diabetes Management